Arosa is a city about 600.000 located in the middle of the desert.In the south we can find more desert and in the north a river Rio Branco( 3 km of Arosa).The city was founded in 1895 when an European traveller and discoverer found gold in the Dunes of Arosa. In 1896 3000 lived already in Arosa.The grow was spectacular.The big gold reserves in the Arosian floor lasted more than 40 years.In this epoch Arosa gained 150.000 citizens.Today the district of Garnivel in the south of Arosa, it's a reminder of that time.
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A typical Garnivel street.The water was more expensive than the gold in Arosa.Everyday more than 3000 slaves brought water from the Rio Branco to Arosa.Calle del Oro( Gold Street) In 1890s it was the main street of the old Arosa with more than 10 jewelries.
View of the Garnivel district.
Arosa was governed between 1899 and 1930 by the Duke of Arosa.Here the palace of the Duke.
Republic Square. Today Arosa is a part of the State of Katania.This square was original the Motherland Square.
The Cathedral of Arosa was built in 1904 with the special 10% tax for building this church.
But the gold finished in 1938 and many people started to abandon the city.However before the WW2 just 3 months after the reserves of gold disseapeared someone find oil in Arosa.The new boom started in just 1 month new district was in project.
Paradise Avenue was the main avenue between 1938 and 1944
Old Townhall on the Paradise Avenue and at bottom The Arosian Gallery of Arts.
In 1939 arrive to the city the spanish priest and architect Jose de Obradoiro.He ran away from the Spanish Civil War and Franco regim, cause he was the leader of the opposition against him.He wanted to relight the Christianity in the middle of the avarice of Arosa. Jose de Obradoiro Square and the cathedral with the same name at the bottom.
Jose converted nearly 20.000 nomads and slaves to Christianity and gave to this people the opportunity to make a new life.In 1940 the mayor gives 25 million dollars to Jose de Obradoiro for build new homes for the homeless and poor.Jose built homes for 25.000 people.He fought against the rich which much times didn't pay to their workers in the oil rigs.In 1943 Jose designs the new Arosian Cathedral. He planned to put social lunchroom inside it, the Cathedral of The Sacred Heart of Jesus finished in just 1 year.But the 4th January of 1944 in the last try of gain territory Nazi bombarded Arosa killing 45.000 people and destroying 80% of the city and nearly the 60% of the oil rigs.The people ran away from the city.Jose de Obradoiro drowned saving a small child in a refugee boat.Today his tomb is inside the New Cathedral of Arosa.
The Park and The New Cathedral in the Square of Jose de Obradoiro.
The city was almost abandoned until 1960.In 1961 a magnate Kevin Gert rebuilds some rigs and started the oil extraction in Arosa again.In the Arosa in 1963.
The economic activity starts again.However the city prefered to stop the oil extraction in 1995 and starts to build alternative energy sources and the new economy model based on industry. The industrial polygon viewed from Garnivel.
Ecological Park in Downtown Arosa.
View of the Downtown from The New Cathedral.
Olimpic District. Liberty Square is the main city's square. City Hall Square. Arosa's financial district.
Ferris Wheel of Arosa was the first touristic landmark in Arosa.
The Ferris Wheel was the tallest structure of the city.
Liberty Square in the Downtown.Why so many fountains? In 1900s the water was very difficult to find but here under this square a big reserve of groundwater was found.People built the fountains in this square for drink water.
View of the Liberty Square in 90s.
Arosa has more than 15 parks in all the city.most are located in the downtown.Here: Evolution Park.
Orthodox Cathedral of Saint Sava in the District of the Union.Nearly 90% of population are Christian and 13% of all the Christians are Orthodox.
The mix of oldie and new in the downtown.
Arco de la Gloria(Glory Arch) was the entry of the old city.
Do you want have fun?? Arosa has got many leisure places.Partyworld in the Liberty Square it's the biggest disco in the city.
Heliport in the Paradise Urbanization.
At the right bottom of the Ecological Park we can see a red building.This building is The Agora of Arosa one of the biggest shopping centres of the city and a cultural centre.
Airport of Arosa.
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The Oasis in the Desert.