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- Cities XL 2012
Novigrad, officially Principality of Novigrad, is a sovereign city-state, located on the Adriatic Sea. It is bordered by Slovenia and Croatia while its coast borders the Adriatic Sea. Novigrad is the third smallest country in the world, after Vatican City and Monaco. It is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
The independent city-state was established in 1991 by the Brioni Agreement, signed on the Croatian Brijuni Islands. This is the Accord that put an end on the War of Slovenia, the first part of the 1990's Yugoslavia Wars. This is also the time when Slovenian and Croatian independence were agreed too.
In the city, there are cultural sites such as St. Helena's Basilica, the Brioni Chapel and the Principality Museum. They all feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures.
The unique economy of Novigrad is supported by tourism and commercial businesses enjoying very low tax rates. Novigrad seaport is the eighth biggest seaport in Europe, another major source of revenue for the city state and a major gateway to the Northern Balkans.
River Rijeka and the Adriatic Sea have always been vital for Novigrad. Santa Helena was the first and oldest settlement but nowadays the city state expand around the river and along the coast.
Santa Helena is the oldest part of the city state. Established in the 12th century, it flourished during the Renaissance as a bustling commercial center of the times. The Old Port is nowadays a marina, a small cruiseship port and the main tourist attraction of the city. While the quaint old seaport occupies the lower parts of the area, St. Helena's Basilica dominates the highest point of it.
Santa Helena has been an island approached only by the sea till the 17th century. Then, it was connected to the mainland and nowadays the island is a part of the bigger city surrounding it.
Novotok and the House of Habsburg rule
Santa Helena lies in the center of the city. The 12th century established town grew fast up to a commercial port and was connected to the neighboring peninsula of Novotok in the 17th century. At that time, city state of Novigrad fall under the rule of the House of Habsburg. Demand for city growth during the House of Habsburg rule urged for the city to expand outside its walls over Novotok. Many big public buildings like the House der Gilden and the Rotonda des Sieges were built during that period.
Photos of Novigrad
Growth of the city has always been constant during the last 3 centuries. After 1919 and the end of World War I, Novigrad became one of the most important cities of Southern Europe.
City flourished and became a melting pot for arts with a predominantly Slovene and Croat population and intense cultural influences by the neigboring Italians and Austrians. Nowadays, Novigrad is an even more expanded urban complex with a population of 1,865,000 residents.
"Rijeka": River Tales
Nowadays, Santa Helena is always the historical part of the city and the Old Quarters, still all other areas of the city are equally vibrant and vital for the city state's economy.
Novigrad Port Authority has gradually over the last 20 years acquired land on the neigbouring coastline where, through a plan of private investment, a seaport, a medium size airport and a dense industrial zone are being built.
Novigrad Port, Airport and Industrial Zone
Nowadays, Novigrad Port is a valuable economical zone generating a big revenue for the city-state.
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CJ City State of Novigrad
An Adriatic Sea European city journal